COVID-19 vaccinations help to reduce the community’s risk of serious illness from COVID-19.
COVID-19 vaccinations are available at participating GPs and pharmacies across South Australia.
Here’s what you can expect before, during and after your vaccination.
Available COVID-19 vaccines
All people aged 5 and over are eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Eligible children aged 6 months to under 5 years can also be vaccinated.
Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine
Children aged 5 to 11 can get the paediatric Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine, which is one third of the dose given to people aged 12 and over. Two doses are given 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine is available to all people 12 years and over. In this age group, two doses are given 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
Eligible people aged 16 and over, can get the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine as third and fourth (booster) doses following a primary course.
See more information about the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine.
Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
Eligible children aged 6 months to 5 years can get a paediatric formulation of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Two doses are given 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
Children aged 6 to 11 can get a half dose Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Two doses are given 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is available to all people aged 12 years and over. In this age group, two full doses are given 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
Eligible people aged 18 years and over can get the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine as third and fourth (booster) doses following a primary course. This includes the original vaccine given at a half dose or the bivalent vaccine.
See more information about the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.
Novavax COVID-19 Vaccine
The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine is available to all people 12 and over. Two doses are given 3- 8 weeks apart as a primary course.
The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine can be used as a third or fourth (booster) dose in people aged 18 years or older.
See more information about the Novavax COVID-19 vaccine.
AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine
The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine is available to all people aged 18 and over.
The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine requires two doses, given 12 weeks apart as a primary course.
The AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine can be used as a booster dose in people aged 18 years and over for whom other vaccine types are contraindicated for medical reasons, or if they decline to have one of the COVID-19 vaccines recommended for use as a booster dose.
If you’re considering AstraZeneca, please read COVID-19 vaccination – Weighing up the potential benefits against risk of harm from COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca.
See more information about the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine.
You may need to complete a consent before your vaccination. Consent can be withdrawn at any time prior to receiving a dose of vaccine.
Preparing for your vaccination
You will need to bring your Medicare card. If you do not have a Medicare card, bring photo ID.
You may be asked to wear a mask. If you do not have a mask, you will be provided with one.
You can have someone attend with you for support, including a support worker, family member, carer or friend.
The vaccine will be administered by a doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Most people will need to allow 30 minutes for their vaccination, but this will depend on your individual personal and health circumstances.
Attending a clinic
Please wear loose clothing that enables easy access to your upper arm where you will receive the vaccination.
If you are being vaccinated at a GP clinic, respiratory clinic, or alternative vaccination site, they will provide you with further information prior to your appointment.
When a vaccinator is available, you will be asked to go to a vaccination bay or room where the person vaccinating you will:
- review your consent form
- confirm your identity
- ask about your recent vaccination history
- seek your informed consent for the delivery of the vaccine and check your signature on your consent form
- administer your vaccine.
After you have been vaccinated, the vaccinator will keep your consent form and provide you with a vaccine record.
Observation after your vaccination
Everyone who is vaccinated will be observed for at least 15 minutes after they have been vaccinated, to ensure they do not experience any immediate reactions and to provide medical care if needed.
People with a history of allergic reactions (including food allergies, reactions to insect stings, medicine allergies, etc.) will be observed for 30 minutes following administration of a vaccine.
You may experience some side effects following vaccination. Most side effects last no more than a couple of days and you will recover without any problems.
Common reactions to vaccination include pain, redness and/or swelling where you received the needle, mild fever, headache and flu-like symptoms. Some people may also experience nausea, pain in the limb, enlarged lymph nodes, difficulty sleeping or generally feeling unwell.
Serious reactions such as allergic reactions are extremely rare.
See your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible or go directly to a hospital if:
- you have a reaction that you consider severe or unexpected
- you are concerned about your condition after vaccination.
People should seek medical attention immediately if they experience any of the following symptoms:
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- swelling in your leg
- persistent abdominal (belly) pain
- neurological symptoms, including severe and persistent headaches or blurred vision
- tiny blood spots under the skin beyond the site of injection.
Use the COVID-19 vaccine side effects symptom checker if you have concerns about any symptoms after your vaccine.
Alternatively, you can call the National COVID-19 Vaccine Helpline on 1800 020 080.
There are rare side effects linked to COVID-19 vaccines, including myocarditis and pericarditis. For more information, see the Guidance on Myocarditis and Pericarditis after COVID-19 vaccines.
Adverse events following immunisation can be reported here.
Following up on your side effects
You may be followed up with an automated text message three days and then eight days after getting the vaccine.
You will be asked if you have had any side effects, and the information will contribute to AusVaxSafety’s national COVID-19 vaccine safety surveillance.
AusVaxSafety is a world-leading national vaccine safety system, led by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance.
You can use the COVID-19 vaccine side effects symptom checker if you have concerns about any symptoms after having either of the COVID-19 vaccines.
Alternatively, you can call the National COVID-19 Vaccine Helpline on 1800 020 080.
You will be given an official hard copy record of your vaccination.
Your vaccination information will also be recorded on the Australian Immunisation Register.
You can also access your immunisation history statement through Medicare for proof of vaccination, both digitally and in hard copy, if required.
If you received a COVID-19 vaccine and the record is not on the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR), visit the Immunisation records and registers page for more information on how to correct your record.
Third (booster) dose
COVID-19 vaccine booster doses are recommended to maintain immunity against the virus.
All people aged 16 and over who have had their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine at least three months ago are eligible for a COVID-19 booster dose.
People aged 5 to 15 are also recommended to receive a COVID-19 booster vaccination if they have severe immunocompromise, a disability with significant or complex health needs, or complex and/or multiple health conditions that increase the risk of severe COVID-19.
The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine is available as a booster dose for eligible people aged 5 and over. The Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are available as a booster dose for all people aged 18 and over, including the Moderna bivalent vaccine.
The Novavax and Astra Zeneca COVID-19 vaccines can be used as a third (booster) dose in people aged 18 years and over for whom other vaccine types are contraindicated for medical reasons, or if they decline to have one of the COVID-19 vaccines recommended for use as a third dose.
Fourth (booster) dose
In addition to the third (booster) dose, a fourth dose of COVID-19 vaccine is available to increase vaccine protection. It is recommended for the following groups after they have completed their primary course and received a third dose:
- Adults aged 50 years and over
- Residents of aged care or disability care facilities
- People aged 16 years and over with severe immunocompromise
- People aged 16 years and over with a medical condition that increases the risk of severe COVID-19
- People aged 16 years and over with disability with significant or complex health needs or multiple comorbidities which increase risk of poor outcome from COVID-19
Adults aged 30 to 49 years may also choose to receive a fourth dose of COVID-19 vaccine.
The fourth dose can be given from three months after the third dose, or from three months after a confirmed COVID-19 infection, if infection occurred after the third dose.
- COVID-19 vaccines: common questions
- Preparing for COVID-19 vaccination
- COVID-19 booster vaccine advice